Hours spent by the designers to polish their creations in order to express their vision of the present, days of our weaver’s work endlessly renewing their ancestral gestures in the respect of the tradition…
Which are the tools used to create hand-made rugs? The world changes, but some industries keep their particular know-how. The rugs are part of the products that awaken the senses. Entirely handmade producing preserves the tradition and ancestral gestures and pays tribute to the sensitivity of the human hand.
The design is transferred onto a canevas, stretched on a frame. The threads are punched into this scrim with a tufting gun, either manual or electric, to form the velvet pile.
This velvet pile is cut and inspected. The backing is then bound with latex to secure the velvet, and then protected by a fabric or a net.
CARVING AND RELIEF
The velvet can be processed in different heights; the motives can be defined by sculpting the velvet, known as carving, either to create a design or to underline a color change.
This tool allows to fix the wool on the canvas. This mechanical model is now used for repairs, the majority of the process is being performed by electric gun. The accuracy of this tool allows a better definition of drawings and to highlight details.
The best rugs can be recognized by the use of scissors. Far from being a simple tool put in the hands of artisans it gives the rise to exceptional reliefs. It eliminates the slightest imperfection of the drawing. The finishing using scissors may last two times longer than the weaving itself.
The design is carried out stitch by stitch according to the model reproduced on a graph paper. The smaller the stitch, the more precise the design (it is the number of knots). This technique is more time consuming, the work progressing approximately at a rate of 10 cm per day.
Used only for hand-knotted rugs, this comb allows tighten each line of knots with a constant pressure which gives different rug qualities going from 80 to 120 lines.
The knotted rugs are washed when they are removed from the loom. Constantly caressed by the hand of the weaver, the fiber stiffened and needs cleaning. Washed with the pure Himalayan water, the rugs are then drained by large shovels which, in addition to extract water from the heart of the fiber, will smooth velvet giving it a shimmering finish.
Hand-weaving is a semi-mechanized process and can be done on pit looms or on shuttle looms, a simpler version of the Jacquard looms. Here, no knots, but a loop maintained by the tightening of the weft. A glue-binding holds it together. This process allows great versatility on plain or simple geometries (frames, stripes, squares…).
These long needles are used for whipping. Constantly resharpened, they allow to slip without damaging folder and velvet.
Necessary for the weaver, it is used to cut the fiber at every stage of the production, replace the fiber, correct surface…
The exhibition « Hand, the most valuable tool » presented in our stores during the Paris Design Week 2015